During the 1990's, the
Jewish community in Samara began to restore itself and a number of new
organizations have been created, including the Union of Progressive Judaism's "Haim"
, the Womens' association "Esther", and the youth organization "Shomron
- Bnei Akiva". Three Jewish Sunday schools, a Jewish club, and the Open
Jewish University started to function in Samara. In 2002, the building of the
former Great Synagogue was returned to the Jews of Samara and transformed into
a Jewish Community Center of Samara. Samara is the center of
Jewish activity for 35,000 Jews living in the region of Samara. In 2003, about
10,000 Jews lived in Samara.